We frequently prescribe nutritional supplements as part of our treatment plan. The main reason we dispense supplements in our office is to provide quality products.
For nutritional supplements to be highly effective they must be of high quality. Various studies show that the labeling information on supplements is often unreliable, containing only a fraction of the claimed amount. Many suppliers provide low quality ingredients, which not only exert an insufficient therapeutic effect, but can also be rancid or contaminated by heavy metals and pesticides.
Our products are well researched and individually selected. We make every effort to hold them to the latest scientific standards. The prices are competitive for high quality products. Last not least: we have years of clinical experience with these supplements, they have proven their effectiveness and we can rely on them.
Micronutrients (vitamins and minerals) are essential for life but in lesser quantities than macronutrients. The primary source of micronutrients should come from the food you eat. If you are eating in the Zone, you will be getting many of the essential vitamins and minerals you need. However, many of today’s foods are not as rich as they once were in vitamins and minerals. Therefore, dietary supplementation is an important addition to your diet. The doses we recommend for the following micronutrients are for the average adult patient.
Vitamin C, beta-carotene and Vitamin E are known as important antioxidants. What is an antioxidant? We know that the body needs oxygen to survive. Free floating oxygen coverts into free radicals (unpaired electrons). We need some free radicals, but not too many, to fight disease. If too many free radicals stay in the body too long, they can cause damage. An antioxidant destroys free radicals by destroying itself. Since the lifespan of an antioxidant is quite short, they must be replaced continually.
Vitamin C helps regulate the release of insulin in the body. It also helps the healing process and promotes collagen growth. Depletion of vitamin C in the body can cause scurvy (rare today) whose symptoms may include bleeding gums, hemorrhages, dementia, muscle pain, joint pain and bone pain. Vitamin C may be found in many types of berries, oranges, various melons, green and red bell peppers, kiwi fruit, broccoli, cauliflower and tomatoes. We recommend 2000 mg per day of Vitamin C, to be obtained from the food you eat and from supplementation.
Good dietary sources of beta-carotene are cantaloupe, spinach, various dark green leafy vegetables, romaine lettuce and apricots. Beta-carotene, a precursor to vitamin A, has been known for its antioxidant effects in the prevention of many cancers and heart disease. There is, however, some debate over the effectiveness of beta-carotene alone, in our diets. Recent research has shown that foods rich in beta-carotene are also rich in lycopene, lutein, zeaxantin and alpha carotene, all strong disease fighting carotenoids. We recommend 20,000 IU of beta-carotene per day, to be obtained primarily from the food you eat and secondarily, from supplementation.
Vitamin E is a powerful antioxidant. It may be found in nut and vegetable oils, sunflower seeds, wheat germ and spinach. It is difficult to get enough Vitamin E from your diet, therefore supplementation is recommended. Vitamins E, taken in the proper dosage, has been shown to help prevent cancer, boost the immune system function, alleviate respiratory problems and help fight heart disease. There is also a body of research that touts the effects of Vitamin E for improving brain function. Vitamin E is fat soluble and therefore stays in the body longer than water soluble vitamins such as the B vitamins and vitamin C. Since Vitamin E, stays in the body longer, it is important, not to take too much Vitamin E because it could interfere with blood coagulation. We recommend 400 to 800 IU per day of Vitamin E.
Vitamin A, a naturally occurring group of retinoids from plant sources, is one of the building blocks for a vibrant immune system. Vitamin A, an antioxidant, is a fat-soluble vitamin that helps prevent infection and also prevents macular degeneration. Vitamin A also helps slow the aging process and assists in protein metabolism. Taking too much vitamin A could be toxic, especially for the liver. Therefore, we recommend taking no more than 8000 IU of vitamin A per day, to be obtained from your diet and supplementation. Foods rich in vitamin A are carrots, cantaloupe, beet greens, pumpkin, sweet potatoes and spinach.
The B Vitamins
All of the B vitamins are important for proper metabolism. Vitamin B1, thiamin, helps convert carbohydrates into energy. Thiamin can be found in beef, pork, oatmeal, beans and oranges. Too little thiamin in the diet can cause the disease beriberi. Symptoms of thiamin deficiency include difficulty walking, swollen limbs, overall weakness, heart enlargement, depression and various mood changes. Severe thiamin deficiency can destroy brain cells and impair memory. We recommend 100 mg of thiamin daily.
Riboflavin, or Vitamin B2, is crucial for many activities in the body. Vitamin B2 is a powerful antioxidant and also helps convert amino acids into neurotransmitters, which are necessary for proper brain function. Vitamin B2 deficiency can impair vision and also result in severe dermatitis. Good sources of riboflavin are fish, poultry, asparagus, broccoli, yogurt and spinach. It would be difficult to get too much riboflavin since it is secreted in the urine, two hours after ingestion. It causes the urine to have a bright yellow color. Alcohol and birth control pills interfere with riboflavin absorption. We recommend 100 mg of Vitamin B2 daily to be obtained from your diet and from supplementation.
Vitamin B3, more commonly known as niacin, is found in tuna, chicken breasts, some fortified cereals and veal. Niacin, given in the proper dosage, assists in lowering cholesterol levels. Too much Niacin, however, may cause liver damage. Niacin has also proven useful in certain allergic conditions because it prevents the release of histamine. Since niacin may cause flushing, nervousness, headache, itching, diarrhea and nausea, it should be taken under the supervision of a trained physician. We recommend 50 mg of niacin and 150 mg of niacinamide daily to be obtained from your diet and from supplementation.
Vitamin B5, Pantothenic Acid, is the anti-stress vitamin. Vitamin B5 is crucial for the formation of antibodies, essential for the production of adrenal hormones, assists in the proper utilization of vitamins by the body and helps convert protein, carbohydrates and fat into energy. Vitamin B5 may be found in saltwater fish, pork, nuts, mushrooms, various fresh vegetables, eggs, liver and whole wheat. We recommend 400 mg daily of Vitamin B5.
Pyridoxine or Vitamin B6 is found in avocados, chicken, beef, soybeans, brown rice, eggs, oats and peanuts. According to Dr. John Marion Ellis, “Vitamin B6 is as important to your body as oxygen and water.” Vitamin B6 is necessary for proper metabolism, especially essential fatty acids, and assists in the creation of necessary neurotransmitters. Vitamin B6 is important in the formation of eicosanoids. A shortage of Vitamin B6 can lead to various types of nerve damage and insulin resistance. Too much Vitamin B6 may cause various nerve disorders or photosensitivity. We recommend 100 mg of Vitamin B6 daily to be obtained from you diet and from supplementation.
The fatty covering that protects nerve fibers in your body is called the myelin sheath. Vitamin B12 is necessary in the production of the myelin sheath. Severe deficiencies of Vitamin B12 may cause a deterioration of the myelin sheath, which is evident in patients with multiple sclerosis. Low levels of Vitamin B12 may cause increased homocysteine (a substance that is formed from protein metabolism) levels which, in turn, may cause more clotting in the arterial walls. Vitamin B12 is important in the production of red blood cells. Vitamin B12 can be found in ham, cooked oysters, crab, tuna, salmon, clams and herring. We recommend 400 mcg of Vitamin B12 daily to be obtained primarily from you diet.
Biotin, a B-complex vitamin, is needed to process the protein and fat we consume. Biotin can be manufactured by the body but is also found in eggs, various cereals and milk. People with elevated blood sugar levels seem to have lower Biotin levels. We recommend 600 mcg of Biotin daily to be obtained primarily from your diet.
Vitamin D, a fat-soluble vitamin, is needed to transport phosphorus and calcium in the body so that bone growth occurs in children and bone remineralization occurs in adults. Vitamin D enhances the immune system, assists in the regulation of a person’s heartbeat, is needed for proper thyroid function, helps prevent muscle weakness and helps in normalizing the blood clotting process. Vitamin D is essential for a healthy skeletal system and healthy teeth. Vitamin D can be stored in body fat for up to nine months in an infant and for several months in a healthy adult. Experts say that ten minutes of summer sun provides the body with enough Vitamin D for the day. Other sources of vitamin D may be found in eggs, sardines, halibut, salmon, herring, tuna, sweet potatoes and fortified milk. Rickets, a disease causing bone deformation is caused by vitamin D deficiency. Vitamin D must always be taken in conjunction with calcium. We recommend 400 IU of vitamin D daily, to be obtained from your diet and supplementation.
Vitamin K’s primary responsibility is to help blood clot. Your intestinal bacteria makes approximately half of the Vitamin K you need. Since newborns do not have enough Vitamin K in their body at birth, they are usually given a shot of Vitamin K when they are born. Vitamin K is a fat-soluble vitamin. Vitamin K is needed for the metabolism of osteocalcin, which is the protein in bone tissue. Vitamin K also plays a role in transforming glucose into glycogen for storage in the liver. We recommend 60 mcg daily of Vitamin K. Good sources of Vitamin K are broccoli, green leafy vegetables, egg yolks, oatmeal and soybeans.
Folic acid is an extremely important vitamin that is involved in many activities in the body. Because folic acid is necessary for nerve formation and regulation and especially, nerve formation in the fetus, women, in their child bearing years, whether pregnant or not, should routinely take supplemental folic acid (400 mcg daily) to help prevent serious birth defects such as spina bifida and other neuronal disorders. Folic acid helps in the formation of red blood cells, the production of energy, the formation of white blood cells and is crucial for the synthesis of DNA, which is the genetic code of your body. Adequate intake of folic acid has been shown to be helpful in treating some anxiety disorders and depression. Women with adequate folic acid levels in their bodies had a lesser incidence of cervical dysplasia (abnormal cells in the cervix) which can be a precursor to cervical cancer. Folic acid may be found in many fruits and vegetables. Good sources of folic acid are navy beans, pinto beans, asparagus, broccoli, okra, spinach and brussels sprouts. We recommend 400 mcg to 800 mcg of folic acid daily to be obtained from your diet and from supplementation.
Cell membranes are primarily composed of lecithin, a fatty substance found in every cell in the body. Lecithin is composed of the B vitamin choline, linoleic acid and the vitamin inositol, which is needed for hair growth, helps reduce cholesterol levels and assists in preventing hardening of the arteries. Lecithin assists with fat metabolism, improves brain function and helps in the absorption of Vitamin A and Vitamin B1. Lecithin may be found in egg yolks, grains, fish and various legumes. We recommend 700 mg daily of lecithin and 200 mg daily of inositol, to be obtained from your diet and from supplementation.
Para-Aminobenzoic Acid (PABA)
Para-Aminobenzoic Acid (PABA) is a primary ingredient in folic acid. It also helps in the metabolism of Vitamin B5. PABA is a powerful antioxidant that helps prevent sunburn and skin cancer. PABA helps with red blood cell formation, assists in protein metabolism and is integral in maintaining proper intestinal health. Good sources of PABA are various organ meats such as kidneys and liver, whole grains, spinach, molasses and mushrooms. We recommend 50 mg of PABA daily, to be obtained from your diet and from supplementation.
Boron is a trace mineral that helps the body to more effectively utilize the minerals magnesium and calcium. It also helps activate certain hormones in the body such as estrogen and testosterone. Boron assists in the metabolic process of Vitamin D. Boron can also increase mental acuity. Healthy sources of boron may be found in apples, grapes, green leafy vegetable, cherries, beans and nuts. It is preferable to obtain at least 2 mg of boron per day from the food you eat.
For our adult female patients, we recommend a daily dose of 3000 mg of calcium citrate. For our adult male patients, we recommend a daily dose of 1500 mg of calcium citrate. The body better absorbs calcium if daily doses are divided. Taking part of your daily calcium dose at bedtime can induce a better night’s sleep. Some people experience gastric upset when taking calcium. If you have this problem, we recommend that you take your calcium with your meals. There are various anti-acid advertisements that state the particular anti-acid contains calcium. Be warned that if you take an anti-acid containing calcium, it will give you little benefit. The reason for this, is that the anti-acid neutralizes stomach acids which are necessary for the proper absorption of calcium. We all know that we need calcium to build strong bones. Calcium, when combined with phosphorus provides the framework for strong bones and teeth. Ninety-nine percent of all calcium is stored in your skeletal system and is essential for the creation of new bone and the removal of old bone. Adequate levels of calcium in the body help maintain a normal heart rhythm, assist with the blood clotting process and help with proper nerve and muscle function. Calcium also modulates serum cholesterol levels and is important in protein synthesis when the body is making RNA and DNA; the substances that comprise your genetic makeup. Good sources of calcium are broccoli, salmon that still has the bones, sardines, green leafy vegetables and yogurt.
Most Americans do not get enough chromium in their diet. Chromium, a trace mineral is necessary for the body to utilize insulin correctly, which subsequently allows blood sugar (blood glucose) levels to stay within in optimum range. People with hyperinsulinemia (glucose intolerance) which means that glucose and insulin levels are too high in the body, can benefit from the proper amount of chromium in their diets. People with low chromium levels, in addition to experiencing glucose intolerance, may suffer from fatigue, high cholesterol levels and anxiety. Chromium may be found in ham, brown rice, grape juice and broccoli. We recommend 400mcg of chromium daily.
Believe it or not, copper is necessary for our survival. The level of copper in the body is directly proportional to the amount of vitamin C and zinc in the body. Too much vitamin C and zinc will cause a low copper level. Conversely, too much copper in the body will cause low levels of vitamin C and zinc. Osteoporosis, can be partially traced to low copper levels because copper is necessary for collagen formation which is an essential protein that makes our bones, skin and connective tissue. Copper is also involved in the metabolism of iron. Copper may be found in avocados, almonds, broccoli, mushrooms, cooked oysters, cocoa powder, green leafy vegetables, salmon and soybeans. We recommend 2 mg of copper daily.
Iodine is needed to produce the necessary thyroid hormone, thyroxine. Thyroxine regulates body temperature, metabolism, muscle tone and breathing. Too little thyroxine can lead to an enlarged thyroid gland, which is called a goiter. Too little iodine in the diet can cause hypothyroidism, fatigue, weight gain and has also been associated with breast cancer. Most of us get enough iodine in our diet by using iodized table salt. Foods rich in iodine are garlic, sesame seeds, summer squash, soybeans, lobster, shrimp and spinach. We recommend 150 mcg of iodine daily.
Did you know that magnesium has been used successfully in decreasing the risk for heart attack, preventing high blood pressure, asthma, kidney stones, lessening the symptoms of PMS (premenstrual syndrome) and preventing various irregular heart rhythms? Epsom salts, long known for its healing properties is primarily composed of magnesium. Magnesium is necessary for making all the muscles in your body flex and for assisting in energy production. Magnesium also ensures that the body utilizes calcium correctly. Many cardiac drugs, diuretics, coffee and alcohol can cause magnesium deficiency. Stress can also cause magnesium deficiency. Patients with heart disease or kidney problems need to consult their primary care physician before taking magnesium. We recommend 400 mg of magnesium daily. Food sources of magnesium are spinach, oatmeal, broccoli, yogurt, avocados, brown rice, most dairy products, blueberries and green leafy vegetables.
Strong bones, collagen formation and proper brain function are all dependent upon adequate levels of manganese in the body. Low levels of manganese can cause muscle contractions, vision and/or hearing loss, convulsions, rapid heart rate and atherosclerosis. We recommend 10 mg of manganese daily. Dietary sources of manganese may be found in blueberries, various nuts, shellfish, egg yolks, pineapple, avocados and nuts.
Molybdenum is needed to make certain biochemical reactions occur in the body. This trace mineral helps the body detoxify sulfites, which are found in many preservatives. It also helps in the production of certain genetic material, the production of protein and the creation of uric acid, which is a vital metabolic waste product. We recommend 200 mcg daily of molybdenum but eating a well balanced diet can usually supply the body with enough molybdenum. Food sources for molybdenum may be found in dark green leafy vegetables, whole grains, milk products and beans.
Potassium interacts with sodium to ensure that fluid balances in the body are correct. Potassium is necessary for maintaining optimal levels of blood pressure, proper muscle contractions, regular heart rhythm and proper nerve transmissions throughout the body. We need to eat more fruits and vegetables daily to get enough potassium in our diet. Good sources of potassium are brown rice, cantaloupe, spinach, dried apricots, poultry, avocados, raisins, potatoes and bananas. We recommend 200mg daily of potassium aspartate.
Selenium is a crucial antioxidant. It works with vitamin E in ridding the body of unwanted free radicals. Selenium keeps many viruses in check and this may be its most vital role in addition to inhibiting the oxidation of lipids in the body. Brazil nuts are so rich in selenium that only two or three nuts, eaten daily, may provide an adequate dose of selenium. We recommend 200 mcg of selenium daily. Lobster, crab, whole grains, broccoli, brown rice, molasses, onions, tuna and many vegetables contain selenium.
Vanadium, not easily absorbed by the body, can deplete chromium levels but small amounts are needed for bone and teeth formation and for cellular metabolism. Low levels of vanadium have been associated with kidney disease and cardiovascular disease. Sources of vanadium include fish, olives, radishes and whole grains. We recommend 200 mcg of vanadium daily.
Zinc has many functions. Proper amounts of zinc are necessary for prostate health, maintaining immune system function (too much zinc, however, will decrease immunity) and producing many of the cells you need to stay healthy. Zinc is needed to metabolize protein, help prevent acne by controlling oil gland activity, promote healing and help with collagen formation. Zinc is necessary for bone formation, prevents the creation of certain free radicals, helps the body maintain adequate levels of vitamin E and enhances a person’s sense of taste and sense of smell. Zinc may be found in egg yolks, fish, red meat, soybeans, sunflower seeds, whole grains, nuts and yogurt. We recommend 30 mg of zinc daily. Taking more than 100 mg of zinc daily can decrease a person’s immunity, as mentioned previously.
As you can see, your body is a complex organism and requires many nutrients to function properly. In addition to the macronutrients; protein, carbohydrates and fat and the micronutrients; vitamins and minerals, there are other nutrients your body needs. The following are some of the “other” nutrients we recommend to our patients.
Bilberry, also known as blueberry, assists in maintaining the proper insulin levels in the body, may help in preventing macular degeneration and acts as a natural diuretic, which assists in maintaining a healthy urinary tract. Bilberry is a plant and we recommend a daily dose of 100 mg of bilberry extract, found in many good multivitamins. Consuming blueberries in your diet is even more beneficial.
Bioflavinoids are considered vitamins and are useful in reducing pain, preventing asthma, promoting circulation, lowering cholesterol levels and when taken in conjunction with vitamin C, may decrease the symptoms associated with oral herpes. We recommend 400mg daily of citrus bioflavinoids. Good sources of bioflavinoids include grapes, cherries, apricots, oranges and lemons.
Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10)
CoQ10 is found naturally in every cell in the body. It is a fat soluble vitamin that is an antioxidant and vital for energy metabolism. Since CoQ10 levels may deplete as we get older or we do not get enough of this vitamin from our diets, we strongly encourage our patients to take 30 mg of SolanovaÔ
CoQ10 daily. Adequate levels of CoQ10 can improve cardiovascular health, increase energy levels, boost the immune system, lower high blood pressure and may reverse gum disease.
As far back as biblical times, garlic has been recognized as one of the most useful foods. Garlic can help lower blood pressure, assists in preventing blood clots, lowers cholesterol levels, improves the immune system function, acts as an antibiotic, an anti-fungal and anti-viral agent and helps with the digestive process. We recommend at least 500 mg of garlic daily.
Small amounts of ginger daily, 200 mg, can help in maintaining a healthy colon. Ginger is also a powerful antioxidant and may be used to help wounds and sores heal. Ginger has been used successfully in decreasing or eliminating nausea and vomiting, hot flashes, indigestion and abdominal cramping.
This nutrient comes from the leaves of the Ginkgo Biloba tree. Ginkgo Biloba improves blood circulation and increases the oxygen supply to all parts of the body, especially the brain and the heart. Known as the “smart” herb, ginkgo biloba may improve memory, reduce blood pressure, improve hearing loss and may slow some of the symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease. Because of its anti-clotting effects, patients taking anti-coagulant medications, should consult their primary care physician before taking ginkgo biloba. We recommend between 120 mg and 240 mg daily to our patients.
Grape Seed Extract
Grape seed oil, which is low in saturated fat, is a natural fatty acid that does not contain cholesterol, sodium or trans fatty acids. We recommend 50 mg daily of this nutrient.
Green Tea Extract
Green tea has antioxidant properties and may help in the prevention of stomach and colon cancer. Green tea has anti-clotting properties that assist in the prevention of arteriosclerosis. There is also some evidence that green tea may be useful in promoting weight loss since it assists in maintaining proper glucose and insulin levels. We recommend 400 mg daily of this nutrient.
Alpha Lipoic Acid
Alpha lipoic acid (ALA) is a potent antioxidant. It helps vitamin C and vitamin E with their antioxidant capabilities. This nutrient has been useful in treating patients with iron toxicity, ALS, cataracts, chronic fatigue syndrome, diabetic retinopathy, diabetic nerve disease, macular degeneration and multiple sclerosis. We recommend 50 mg daily.
An amino acid found in the muscles of the body, glutamine is mandatory for proper brain function. Glutamine helps the digestive tract stay healthy and it is also necessary for the metabolism of RNA and DNA. Glutamine is needed for nitrogen metabolism. Glutamine has been used in treating patients with arthritis, intestinal disorders and patients with sugar cravings such as alcoholics. Raw parsley and spinach are good sources of glutamine. We recommend 1000 mg daily of this amino acid.
Produced in the liver, glutathione is a strong antioxidant. Glutathione detoxifies harmful substances in the liver and also helps red blood cells stay healthy and protects white blood cells. Glutathione additionally helps to properly metabolize fat. Glutathione levels decrease as a person ages. Low levels of glutathione in the body may cause various mental disorders, a lack of coordination and difficulty in maintaining one’s balance. We recommend 50 mg of glutathione daily.
This extract, found in various leaves, fruits and seeds has excellent antioxidant properties. It protects the liver against free radical damage and is also known to protect the kidneys. It may also help in the treatment of psoriasis. We recommend 200 mg daily.
NAC, an amino acid that can break down excessive amounts of mucous and also has antiviral properties, acts as an antioxidant that suppresses free radicals in the liver and the lungs. We recommend 250 mg of NAC daily.
An amino sugar (sugar that is used in the structure of body tissues and not for energy) glucosamine is necessary for the creation of tendons, skin, bones, ligaments, heart valves, eyes and nails. Glucosamine is also involved in the mucous secretions of the urinary tract, the digestive tract and the respiratory system. Glucosamine has proven effective in treating the symptoms of various joint ailments, asthma, vaginitis and certain skin problems. We recommend at least 250 mg of glucosamine daily.
Red Grape Skin Extract (Anthocyanins)
A vitamin, red grape skin extract can work with vitamin C to suppress allergic reactions. Grape seed extract is a wonderful antioxidant. Grape seed extract can also enhance collagen production and decrease skin aging. We recommend 400 mg daily of this nutrient.
This nutrient has antioxidant properties and also acts as a natural antibiotic. It helps in preventing blood clots, protects the liver against many toxic substances and has anticancer effects. We recommend 300 mg daily.
It has been know for years, that the bowel contains many types of bacteria. Some are good and others may contribute to certain disease processes including adult onset diabetes, meningitis, myasthenia gravis, arthritis, Grave’s disease and ulcerative colitis. We need the proper type of bacteria in our colons to digest food and assist with various metabolic processes. Fungal infections in the intestinal tract are not uncommon. To prevent fungal/yeast infections in the digestive tract, a proper diet is important and also taking bifido bacteria supplements. Bifo bacteria feed on sugar, which is a primary cause of fungal infections in the digestive tract. A daily dose of 2 billion parts of bifido bacteria is recommended for good intestinal health.
Lactobacillus acidophilus is a friendly bacteria that helps maintain a normal environment in your digestive tract. This type of bacteria aids in the metabolism of vitamin K and the B vitamins. Lactobacillus acidophilus also helps fight against yeast infections. Having friendly bacteria in your intestinal tract can do much for improving your health. Even if you eat properly, there will still be many byproducts of the food you eat that need to be destroyed by healthy bacteria. We recommend 2 billion parts of lactobacillus acidophilus daily.
This fatty substance acts like an essential fatty acid and helps decrease the pain caused by osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and psoriasis because it helps lubricate joints and bones. It works by “reprogramming” harmful “T” cells that attack the body. Dosage is dependant upon a patient’s symptoms.
Methyl Sulfonylmethane (MSM)
Derived from the soybean, this dietary supplement has been proved to be beneficial for improving bone density, lowering LDL cholesterol, increasing HDL cholesterol, decreasing menopausal symptoms, decreasing prostate growth, helping the thyroid gland function more effectively and assisting in the prevention of colon and breast cancers. We recommend 270 mg daily. Ingesting soybeans, which are delicious when steamed, is an even better way to get the wonderful benefits of soy